Many tax limits affecting businesses have increased for 2023

A wide range of tax-related limits that affect businesses are indexed annually, and due to high inflation, many have increased more than usual for 2023. Here are a few that may be important to you and your business.

Social Security tax

The amount of employees’ earnings that are subject to Social Security tax is capped for 2023 at $160,200 (up from $147,000 for 2022).


Section 179 expensing:

  • Limit: $1.16 million (up from $1.08 million)
  • Phaseout: $2.89 million (up from $2.7 million)

Income-based phase-out for certain limits on the Sec. 199A qualified business income deduction begins at:

  • $364,200 (up from $340,100) for married filing jointly
  • $182,100 (up from $170,050) for other filers

Retirement plans

Employee contributions to 401(k) plans: $22,500 (up from $20,500)

Catch-up contributions to 401(k) plans: $7,500 (up from $6,500)

Employee contributions to SIMPLEs: $15,500 (up from $14,000)

Catch-up contributions to SIMPLEs: $3,500 (up from $3,000)

Combined employer/employee contributions to defined contribution plans (not including catch-ups): $66,000 (up from $61,000)

Maximum compensation used to determine contributions: $330,000 (up from $305,000)

Annual benefit for defined benefit plans: $265,000 (up from $245,000)

Compensation defining a highly compensated employee: $150,000 (up from $135,000)

Compensation defining a key employee: $215,000 (up from $200,000)

Other employee benefits

Qualified transportation fringe-benefits employee income exclusion: $300 per month (up from $280)

Health savings account contributions:

  • Individual coverage: $3,850 (up from $3,650)
  • Family coverage: $7,750 (up from $7,300)
  • Catch-up contribution: $1,000 (no change)

Flexible spending account contributions:

  • Healthcare: $3,050 (up from $2,850)
  • Dependent care: $5,000 (no change)

These are only some of the tax limits and deductions that might affect your business, and additional rules may apply. Reach out to a KraftCPAs advisor to find out how these changes could impact your next filing.

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